Sports Drug Testing Laboratory Procedure | Doping Test

Steps in Finasteride Doping Test or Sports Drug Testing in Laboratory

1. Notification of the Athlete

Whether it is before, after, or during practice, an Anti-Doping Commission (ADC) representative will:

• Identify himself to athlete / sportsperson and notify to him / her in writing that he / she have been selected for a dope test.

• Ask athlete / sportsperson to sign the notification form and give him / her a copy.

• Ask athlete / sportsperson not to void urine before he / she reach the Doping Control Station. An official, usually a marshal, will stay with athlete / sportsperson until he / she report to Doping Control Station. Normally one hour shall be given to athlete / sportsperson after the receipt of notification to report in the dope control station, but he / she cannot void urine during this period.

Note: In accordance with the findings and recommendations, failure to cooperate with a request to produce a sample will result in a sanction comparable to that imposed for a positive test result and regulations of Anti-Doping Commission, WADA and IOC.

2. Rights of the Athlete / Sportsperson

While remaining in full view of ADC / WAFA official athletes / sportspersons are entitled to:

  • Have a sports federation representative of his / her choice (and / or an interpreter) with him / her during the sample collection process, except while passing the sample. 
  • Get any necessary medication or food athlete / sportsperson need (but not banned substances) Attend a victory caremony.
  • Meet media commitments
  • Compete in further events
  • Finish the training session
  • Warm down.
  • To be told about the sample collection and analysis procedure.
  • Be informed that sanctions may be imposed for refusing to comply with a request to provide a sample and for which athlete’s / sportsperson’s National Olympic Committee / Chef – In this case, de – Mission Manager will be informed.

3. Reporting for Testing

Athletes / sportspersons will be accompanied by a Marshal to the Doping Control Station waiting room. Sealed drinks may be provided to assist athlete / sportsperson to void his / her urine sample, and reading material shall be available. Athletes / sportsperson are entitled to have his / her representative as well as his / her interpreter with him / her. The Dope Control Officer shall help athlete / sportsperson to complete the sample collection procedure and will explain each step to him / her.

4. Selection of Sample Collection Vessel

When athlete / sportsperson is ready to supply a sample of urine, he / she will be asked to choose a sample collection vessel from selection of sealed sterilized vessels.

5. Supervision of Sample Collection

A sampling officer will accompany athlete sportsperson to the toilet where he / she must remove sufficient clothing so that the passing of the urine into the collection vessel can be directly observed. The sampling officer will be of the same gender as athlete / sportsperson. When athlete / sportsperson has provided the required volume of urine (minimum 75 ml) he / she will be required to take the sample directly

to the doping control processing room. Only under direct supervision of the Dope Sampling athlete / sportsperson will handle the sample Officer.

Note: Athlete / sportsperson not entitled to carry anything to the toilet. training kit electric and electronic gadgets, eatables, cold drinks etc. Dope Sampling Officer has the right to search athlete / sportperson and his / her personal belongings.

6. Selecting Dope Kit

In the presence the Dope Control Officer athlete / sportsperson will be asked to select dope kit containing two dope – sampling bottles ” A ” and ” B “. Athlete sportsperson must ensure that the seals on dope kit and dope sampling bottles in the kit are intact.

7. Breaking the Seal

Athlete / sportsperson will be invited to break the security seals in the presence of the Dope Control Officer, Dope Sampling Officer and athlete / sportsperson’s representative.

8. Dividing the Sample

Athlete / sportsperson will be asked to divided his / her sample into the bottles (marked ” A ” and ” B “), putting approximately 50 ml into bottle Leave a few drops in the sample collecting container and transfer at least 25 ml to bottle ” A ” and bottle ” B.”

9. Tightening the Bottle Caps in the Drug Kit

Athlete / sportsperson will seal the bottles and dope kit in the presence of Dope Control Officer and the Dope Sampling Officer will check that the bottles are tightly sealed before being delivered back to their appropriate drug kit Then, on the dope sheet, the dope check officer will note the security codes of the bottles, bottles’ seals, and kits official record form.

10. Passing an additional Sample

If athlete / sportsperson cannot provide the total volume of urine required on the first attempt, the initial urine sample will be sealed.

11. Checking of Sample Conditions

The Dope Sampling Officer shall check the acid content (pH) and concentration (Specific Gravity) of athlete / sportsperson sample before is sent to the laboratory. The outcomes demonstrate if the urine is in the acceptable testing range. If it does not, athlete / sportsperson will be asked to provide another sample. The pH and the gravity must be noted by the drug control officer on drug control official record form. When the balance of the required urine volume provided, the combination sample is then divided into bottles ” A ” and ” B ” before final resealing. Note: If athlete / sportsperson is required to provide an additional sample because the first sample was insufficient for testing, he / she may be asked to sign an insufficient sample form.

12. Completing and Certifying the Paperwork

Athletes / sportsperson will be asked to give details of any medication he / she have taken in the previous seven days. Athlete / sportsperson are strongly advised to mention all medication including inhalers, vitamins, herbal products and food supplements that he / she have used. During the sample collection procedure, the Dope Control Officer shall document information such security seal numbers and medication taken on the sample collection form. The Dope Control Officer shall ask athlete / sportsperson and his / her representative to check all information on the sample collection form and if he / she is satisfied, to sign the form. The Dope Control Officer also checks and signs the form athlete’s / sportsperson’s presence. He then provides athlete / sportsperson with a copy of the completed sample collection form. Athlete sportsperson has now finished the sampling collection procedure, and he she and his / her representative is free to leave the Dope Control Station.

13. Transporting the Samples to the Laboratory

The samples in their sealed containers are then sent to the accredited laboratory by secure chain of custody for analyses through specially designated Dope Samples Handling Officers The laboratory receives the copy of sample collection from with only information about the urine sample, security seal number, gender event, and medication. Athlete’s / sportsperson’s name and address are not sent to the laboratory no information is provided which might allow him / her to be identified.

14. Laboratory Analysis

The dope control laboratory will analyse athlete’s / sportsperson’s ” A ” sample for prohibited drugs and prohibited methods. If his / her sample ” A ” is positive, the laboratory immediately notifies the ADC who in turn immediately notifies athlete’s / sportsperson’s Chef – de – Mission and representative of International Federation. Athlete / sportsperson will be asked to appear for a hearing session before the Anti – Doping Commission. Athletes / sportspersons are entitled to request the laboratory, via the Anti – Doping Commission, to have his / her “B” sample analysed and have the right to observe the unsealing and analysis of the “B” sample (or have his / her representative do so on his / her behalf) within a specified time. The lab will give the ADC a direct report of its findings. Subsequent sanctions will be imposed on athlete / sportsperson as per IOC / WADA / NADA rules in the matter. These protocols were created to guarantee security and impartiality in drug testing.

Note: Athlete / sportsperson shall have to pay for the testing of ” B ” sample. His / her travel expenses and those of his / her representative (if athlete / sportsperson wishes to take him / her along) shall be borne by him / her. These protocols were created to guarantee the security and impartiality of drug testing.

Finasteride WADA World Anti – Doping Agency | WADA Drug Testing

WADA & the Code

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is the international, independent organization monitoring the global fight against doping in sport and the custodian of the World Anti – Doping Code (Code). WADA overseas and works in cooperation with a network of stakeholders, each of which has its own specific set of roles and responsibilities.

IOC IPC, IFs

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) are responsible for the testing process, based on the Code, during the Olympic and Paralympic Games respectively, as well as sanctioning those who commit anti – doping rule violations during the games. The IOC, on behalf of the sports. movement, provides half of WADA‘s budget. Scientific research, teaching, the growth of anti-doping capabilities, and the oversight of the Code are some of its main activities.

To be complaint with the Code, International Sports Federations (IFS), as well as all other sports organizations, must undertake three steps: Code acceptance, implementation. and enforcement. Code acceptance means that the IF agrees to the tenets of the Code. Implementation denotes the IF’s modification of its rules and guidelines to incorporate the mandatory articles and principles of the Code after it has been accepted. Last but not least, Code enforcement denotes the IF has changed its policies and norms and is now upholding them in accordance with the Code. Activities required of IFs by the Code include conducting testing at their competitions, having education and out – of – competition testing programs, and sanctioning those who commit anti – doping offences as defined by the Code.

Governments

Government responsibilities in anti – doing are many. They facilitate doping controls and support national testing programs; encourage the establishment of ” best practice ” in the labelling, marketing, and distribution of products that might contain prohibited drugs, withdraw funding from individuals who use or support doping, act immediately against production and trafficking, promote the development of codes of conduct for people working in the sports and anti-doping industries, and provide funding for anti-doping research and education.

Non-governmental text like the Code cannot generally be used to bind several countries. Governments according drafted and adopted the UNESCO International Convention against doping in sport to align their domestic policies with the Code. In February 2007, the first global agreement prohibiting doping in sports went into effect. Governments are now ratifying it individually.

NOCS. NPCs. NFs:

IOC and IPC rules require that National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and National Paralympic Committees (NOCs) agree to implement the Code. Additionally, in accordance with the Code, IF rules shall stipulate that National Federations (NFs) adhere to and enforce the Code.

NADOS, RADOs: NADO or National Anti-Doping Organizations are in charge of conducting pre- and post-competition drug tests on domestic athletes as well as foreign athletes competing inside their borders, as well as enforcing anti-doping laws and promoting anti-doping awareness. WADA is working with stakeholders in areas of the world where there exist limited or no anti – doping activities to pool resources and develop Regional Anti – Doping Organizations (RADOS), so that all nations will be engaged in anti – doping programmes by 2010

Athletes and Entourage

Athletes may be part of the registered testing pool of an anti-doping organization (ADO): NADO, IF and / or NF. It is the athlete’s responsibility to provide whereabouts information to the ADO (s) so that he / she may be tested out – of – competition with no advance notice. Members of the athlete entourage (coaches, trainee, doctors, etc.) are also responsible for complying with the Code.

LABS

According to the requirements outlined in the International Standard for Laboratories and its related technical publications, laboratories that are qualified to evaluate doping samples under the Code must obtain and keep accreditation with WADA. The laboratories must also meet the standards established for the production of valid test results and evidentiary data.

CAS

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) is an institution that is independent of all sports organisations and offers services to make it easier to resolve disputes involving sports through arbitration or mediation using procedural guidelines that are tailored to the demands of the sports industry. The “sports supreme court” is another name for CAS. For doping matters that fall under the purview of organisations that have enacted the Code, WADA has the ability to appeal to CAS.

Other Doping test are like usada drug testing.

Dope Test Drugs List

There are many drugs like

  • Stimulants
  • Diuretics
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Erythropoietin (EPO or epoetin alfa)

How Doping Test is Done?

Doping tests are typically done to detect the presence of banned substances in an athlete’s body. The testing process usually involves the following steps:

  1. Notification: The athlete is notified that they have been selected for a doping test and given instructions on when and where to report for the test.
  2. Sample Collection: The athlete provides a urine or blood sample under the supervision of a doping control officer. The sample is collected in a sealed container and labeled with a unique identification number.
  3. Sample Analysis: The sample is transported to a certified laboratory for analysis. The laboratory tests the sample for the presence of banned substances such as anabolic steroids, stimulants, and blood doping agents.
  4. Results: Once the analysis is complete, the laboratory reports the results to the relevant sports organization or governing body. If the test is positive for a banned substance, the athlete may face sanctions such as disqualification, suspension, or fines.

It’s important to note that doping tests can be conducted at any time, including during competition and during training periods. Athletes are required to comply with the testing procedures and failure to do so may result in sanctions. Additionally, some sports organizations may require athletes to undergo regular testing as part of their anti-doping policies.

Should Performance-Enhancing Drugs be Allowed in Sports Pros and Cons

Pros of allowing performance-enhancing drugs in sports:

  1. Improved performance: Performance-enhancing drugs can enhance an athlete’s physical abilities and potentially lead to better performance.
  2. Fairness: If all athletes are allowed to use performance-enhancing drugs, it creates a level playing field where everyone has access to the same enhancements.
  3. Increased excitement: The use of performance-enhancing drugs can potentially lead to more exciting and impressive athletic performances, which may draw in larger crowds and increase interest in the sport.

Cons of allowing performance-enhancing drugs in sports:

  1. Health risks: Many performance-enhancing drugs have serious health risks and side effects, which can be detrimental to the athlete’s long-term health and well-being.
  2. Unfair advantage: Allowing some athletes to use performance-enhancing drugs gives them an unfair advantage over athletes who do not use them, which can undermine the integrity of the sport.
  3. Ethical concerns: The use of performance-enhancing drugs is often viewed as unethical and goes against the spirit of fair play and competition in sports.
  4. Pressure to use: Allowing performance-enhancing drugs may create a culture of pressure and expectation for athletes to use them in order to keep up with their competitors, even if they are uncomfortable with the idea.

Overall, there are valid arguments for both sides of the debate regarding the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports. However, it is important to prioritize the health and well-being of athletes and maintain the integrity and fairness of the sport. As a result, the use of performance-enhancing drugs is generally not allowed in competitive sports, and athletes who use them may face severe consequences.

FAQs on Doping Test

  1. Q: What is a doping test?

    A: A doping test is a type of drug test that is used to detect the presence of banned substances in an athlete’s body.

  2. Q: What substances are tested for in a doping test?

    A: Doping tests are designed to detect a wide range of banned substances, including anabolic steroids, stimulants, and blood doping agents.

  3. Q: How is a doping test conducted?

    A: A doping test usually involves the athlete providing a urine or blood sample, which is then analyzed for the presence of banned substances in a certified laboratory.

  4. Q: When are doping tests conducted?

    A: Doping tests can be conducted at any time, including during competition and during training periods.

  5. Q: What happens if an athlete fails a doping test?

    A: If an athlete fails a doping test, they may face sanctions such as disqualification, suspension, or fines. The severity of the sanctions depends on the specific sport and the nature of the violation.

  6. Q: How accurate are doping tests?

    A: Doping tests are generally considered to be very accurate, with a low rate of false positives or false negatives.

  7. Q: Can an athlete challenge the results of a doping test?

    A: Yes, athletes have the right to challenge the results of a doping test and can request a hearing to present their case.

  8. Q: Who is responsible for conducting doping tests?

    A: Doping tests are usually conducted by the relevant sports organization or governing body, often in conjunction with national anti-doping agencies.

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